Top 10 Famous Landmarks in Argentina
There are many famous landmarks in Argentina, both natural and man made. In this article we feature the top 10 famous landmarks in Argentina:
1. Buenos Aires Obelisk – One of the most recognizable landmarks in Argentina is the Buenos Aires Obelisk. Similar to the United States Washington Monument, this is a sight that tourists do not want to miss. This magnificent structure stands about 220 feet tall and is sometimes used by locals to display public messages. The image of this landmark that is most commonly used to represent Buenos Aires. Located in the heart of Buenos Aires, the Obelisk stands tall in the intersection of two of the world’s largest streets. It was built in 1936 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the city. The construction of the Buenos Aires Obelisk took only thirty-one days. It is said that the Obelisk was created to commemorate ten students that were kidnapped and tortured during Argentina’s last dictatorship.
2. Mount Fitz Roy – Many people visit this famous landmark during their Argentina vacation. Fitz Roy measures almost 3500 meters at its peak. The mountain was named by Perito Moreno. Mount Fitz Roy was also called Chalten by the Tehuelche Indians which means “smoking mountain”. Located just a few kilometers from the Chilean border, this is a beautifully scenic area to visit while in Argentina. Visitors will enjoy such sceneries as the beautiful snow-capped mountain peaks of Mount Fitz Roy. If you are an avid outdoorsmen or woman, you will enjoy one of the tours that will take you to Mount Fitz Roy. This is not a trip you will never forget.
3. Train to the Clouds in Salta – This engineering masterpiece was built in 1930 with the purpose to connect Argentina and Chile. If you are of an adventurous sort, taking the Train to the Clouds is the trip for you. This is one of the most famous landmarks in Argentina and a wonderful excursion. The Train to the Clouds only makes four to seven trips a month. While on the Train to the Clouds, visitors will enjoy this fifteen hour round trip route that is about 217 kilometers long. Passengers will cross 29 bridges, 21 tunnels, 13 viaducts, 2 “rollers” as well as 2 zigzags. The Train to the Clouds will make several stops at different stations where the passengers may purchase homemade crafts from the colorfully dressed locals. While on the train guests can enjoy the restaurant car, panoramic car as well as the folklore performances.
4. Talampaya Canyon – There are many famous landmarks in Argentina to visit. One of the most magnificent is the Talampaya Canyon. This impressive landmark is located in Talampaya National Park and features massive red walls. It was named a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000. This canyon is situated in the heart of the National Park about 250 kilometers from the city of La Rioja. While touring through Talampaya Canyon, visitors can enjoy the many scenic areas such as the different mountain shapes and natural sculptures. These erosion areas are a major tourist attraction and certainly not something to miss while on vacation in Argentina. While visiting Talampaya Canyon, guests can enjoy the over 250 million years of prehistory. They can choose three different hiking routes and levels as well.
5. Ischigualasto and the Valley of the Moon – The Valley of the Moon is located about 300 kilometers from San Juan, Argentina. This location is known for interesting and outlandish rock formations that have been formed by strong winds over thousands of years. This beautiful landscape offers a variety of hues, shapes and layers of minerals and sediments. The Valley of the Moon is a clear example of the Earth’s evolution of the Triassic Period. There are many formations to enjoy such as The Worm, Painted Valley and The Sphinx. When touring at the Valley of the Moon visitors will enjoy the serenity as well as the natural architecture.
6. Cerro Torre – There are many mountainous landmarks in Argentina to enjoy. One of the most beautiful is Cerro Torre. Cerro Torre is located in a four mountain chain. In addition there is Torre Egger, Punta Herron and Cerro Standhart. Out of the four mountains, Cerro Torre is the tallest. Although it is the largest of this area, it is not known for its height. It is better known for its harsh weather conditions. While climbing Cerro Torre, even the most experience climbers may find it difficult to navigate with the icy mountainous terrain as well as the heavy winds. If you do complete the climb, you will be greeted with breathtaking views.
7. Perito Moreno Glacier – Perito Moreno Glacier is one of the most outstanding of the 356 glaciers in this area to be found. This natural landmark is located west of El Calafate. Visitors can go to Curva de los Suspiros and enjoy a beautiful panoramic view of Perito Moreno Glacier. This glacier is one of the most beautiful landmarks in Argentina and is not a sight to be missed. There is an ice capped area that covers over 600,000 hectares. Every few years a piece of the glacier wall breaks and the lucky tourists on location get to view the spectacular occurrence. If you are lucky you will be able to watch the detachment of the ice blocks from the glacier as they drop into the water and become magnificent floating icebergs.
8. Valdes Peninsula – One of the most serene and beautiful landmarks in Argentina is the Valdes Peninsula. The Valdes Peninsula is the gateway to the city of Puerto Madryn. If you are looking for a beautiful place to regroup and just relax, this is the place for you. Because of the climate, vegetation is scarce in the Valdes Peninsula. Guests can enjoy the sand beaches and the blue skies. If you are to take a ride around the Valdes Peninsula it is about a 400 kilometer round trip. This peninsula is great for seeing tons of orcas, whales, sea lions, elephant seals and penguins. Sights are best from September through December.
9. Iguazu Falls National Park – The second biggest national park in the country. It is bigger than the state of Maryland and the country of Belgium. It was created in 1934 and features over 275 waterfalls. The spectacular Iguazu Falls are located in the northeast corner of the country where the borders of Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay meet.
10. Argentina Wineries – There are many wineries in Argentina. Some of the famous landmarks in Argentina are surrounded with wineries, which adds to the appeal to tourists. Tourists may enjoy the taste of good wine after long walking trips to the landmarks.