Top 10 Facts in Teotihuacan Pyramids History
Teotihuacan pyramids history includes some very interesting facts, especially from an archaeological perspective. Located 30 miles from Mexico City, in the Mexican Basin, this site is home to many of the most massive pyramidal structures created during the pre-Columbia American age.
There are many historical sites to see including, the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, which is directly in the center of the city. It is monumental, complete with lavish offerings and ultra-fine decorations, with huge hand carved snake heads in the stone walls. In addition, more than 200 warrior’s remains were located, buried underneath, inside the Feathered Serpent pyramid. This sits on top of the temple.
There are also the infamous pyramids, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of the Sun, which are two of the world’s largest pyramids and very hard to ignore.
Here are the top 10 facts in Teotihuacan pyramids history:
1. The Teotihuacan pyramids took approximately 350 years to construct. The project began in 100 BC and was not completed until 250 AD. At that time, it had a population of 125,000 and was larger than any other pre-Columbian American city.
2. The origins of these pyramids are often told to visitors during their Mexico City tours to Teotihuacan, beginning with the builders, the Toltec.
3. Teotihuacan pyramids reached their height during 450 AD, 200 years after completion. Because of the size it became the center and most powerful culture that influenced the entire Mesoamerican region.
4. The city where the Teotihuacan pyramids were built flourished with jewelers, potters and craftsmen who helped to create many of the artifacts that archaeologists continue to uncover, even today.
5. The Pyramid of the Sun, which comes in third as the largest in the world, is credited as one of the Aztec pyramids. They arrived a few centuries after the fall and constructed the pyramid once the city was deserted. It was built over a cave, considered extremely sacred. This pyramid is located east of the Avenue of the Dead.
6. The collapse of the pyramid city, Teotihuacan, is believed to have been caused internally, not from pillagers, but from an uprising, within the residences of the most elite classes.
7. Although the previous citizens had already long deserted the city, it was still able to sustain life, but severe drought and changes to the climate began to occur during 535 AD, this led to the area becoming a wasteland until the Aztecs arrived.
8. The pyramid city had a great number of gods they worshipped regularly. They included, The Great Goddess, The Storm God, The Old God, The Feathered Serpent, The War Serpent, The Netted Jaguar, The Fat Got and the Pulque God.
9. The architectural designs and styles of the pyramids helped to inspire the first Mexico City hotels in the early 1900s and while most have undergone drastic renovations over the years, you can still see signs of ancient Mayan culture throughout.
10. Mexico vacation packages featuring tours to Teotihuacan pyramids liken this journey to a religious experience. They consider this area sacred even today.