Top 10 Facts in St Vitus Cathedral History
St. Vitus Cathedral is a major work of art and explosive to see in person, it has hundreds of interesting facts. It is a notable part of history, which began during the 10th century and was finally considered completed during the 20th century.
This means St. Vitus Cathedral has 1000 years of recorded stories, narrations and chronicled memoirs, beginning with the founding king, St. Wenceslas, who also gained fame as the good king of one very special Christmas carol.
The top 10 facts in St. Vitus Cathedral history are right here for you to enjoy:
1. The cathedral is located in one of the most famous castles, Prague Castle and in addition to Charles IV many other important and significant Czech kings were buried there too. Included with these kings, were also many patron saints, which made this the original Christian sanctuary.
2. The first reconstruction of St. Vitus Cathedral began during 1300. This was when a new king, Vratislav succeeded Spytihnevs.
3. Between Vratislav and Charles IV, St. Vitus Cathedral grew into a place of respect and honor. As the ground floor was specifically a burial place, the first floor was to represent the present. This is where the most spectacular pillars and carvings exist.
4. Similar to Charles Bridge Prague, the cathedral has busts of the Virgin Mary, Jesus Christ and a number of saints including St. Wenceslas, St. Ludmila, St. Vitus, of course and St. Methodius.
5. Between 1344 and 1352, there were over 8 chapels built as well as a part of the gallery and by 1356, the choir chapels, triforium, gallery and window walls were completed. One of the reasons why this remains on the top of the Prague tours is because of the dedication of those who designed and built this grand cathedral.
6. Another reason why this is one of the best Prague tourist attractions is because of the history involved with the construction. Because of wars, like the Hussite Wars and multiple fires, especially during 1541, the efforts to complete the cathedral continued to suffer setbacks. Of course the majestic works of art are also a reason. The Judgment mosaic is one of the most popular, depicting Jesus Christ in his glorious resurrection.
7. The Wallenstein Chapel is a very common tourist site because it holds a place of honor for the architects responsible for this wondrous creation. Both Peter Parler and Mathias d’Arras are laid to rest here.
8. The Royal Oratory houses a silver Sarcophagus, where St. John of Nepomuk was encased. In 1721, his exhumed body was still in a state of preservation. They then reburied him in a very ornate tomb.
9. The Crown Chamber holds the Crown Jewels of Bohemia and is never available for public viewing. The only persons allowed entrance are the seven who hold they keys to the chamber.
10. A tour of the Royal Crypt provides tourists a chance to see the Romanesque basilica as well as the original heads of the church. There are sarcophagi with dates from 1378 to 1930.