Top 10 Events in Palace of Versailles History
Versailles Chateau is the most visited attraction in France located in a suburb of Paris and could be easily reached by a 30-minute train ride. Without a doubt it’s one of the most educational and cultural experiences allowing you to soak up the atmosphere of the French Court learning more about Palace of Versailles history.
Palace of Versailles history was not significant until Louis XIV started the first building campaign transforming a simple hunting lodge to a magnificent Center of French Monarchy in 1664. Later, the Chateau was expanded adding the Grand and Petit Trianon Palaces that were used by Louis the XIV and his mistresses.
If you are going to travel France in the near future and would like to include Palace of Versailles on your sightseeing itinerary, read below to find out which important historical events took place behind the walls of Versailles Chateau.
1. Palace of Versailles history displayed the beginning and eventual dissolution of the French Absolute Monarchy starting from Louis the XIV proclaiming the chateau his central headquarters in 1682 through 1789 when the Royal family was forced to leave the place due to the uprising of French Revolution.
2. First building campaign is very important in the Palace of Versailles history that gave start to the splendor and luxury of the French court with its lengthy and meticulous protocol. The first building campaign was being held from 1664-1668. The initial intent of the renovation was to make adjustments to the palace quarters and the gardens to accommodate over 600 guests arriving for the celebration of two French Queens, Anne of Austria and Marie Therese.
3. The second building campaign was started in the cheers of ending the War of Revolution. The second stage of renovations was taking place starting in 1669 and ending in 1672. Two Grand apartments were designed, one to accommodate the King and the other to become Queen’s quarters. Western terrace gave start to the famous Hall of Mirrors which was later enclosed and richly decorated.
4. At the end of the Dutch War in 1678, just another building campaign was initiated. This campaign was considered the most significant in the Palace of Versailles history because it gave the palace the look and style we are lucky to witness today. North and South wings were finished to create a lounge area for nobles and guests arriving at the palace. Interior design was completed in two major styles, namely, dramatic baroque and charming rococo.
5. The fourth and final building campaign took place starting in 1688 and ending in 1697 after a serious defeat in War of the League of Augsburg. The main focus of the final campaign was the construction of the Royal Chapel and minor modifications to the King’s Chambers.
6. Peter The Great, the Russian Tsar, stayed at the Grand Tianon Palace as a guest in May of 1717 while carefully studying and taking great interest in Palace’s magnificent landscaping and rich décor. The visit to France was a great influence for Peter The Great and gave him some major ideas in the construction of Peterhof Palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
7. 1789 became a significant year of the Palace of Versailles history when angry crowds gathered round the Palace forcing the Royal family to vacate the premises hastily. The first years following the French Revolution the Palace suffered significant damage: many paintings were proclaimed the property of the people and removed from the palace along with many historical objects in the palace. Unfortunately many significant objects were forced to be sold at auctions, while others were given to the Museum.
8. The Treaty of Versailles settlement was signed at the end of Ward War I on June 28th 1919 between Germany and Allied Powers. The Allied Powers were represented by 3 most significant politicians at the time, namely, Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George and Georges Clemenceau. According to the Treaty that was signed at the famous Palace of Versailles Hall of Mirrors Germany had to surrender certain territories in favor of the countries who suffered major losses during devastating WWI. In addition, Germany agreed to adhere to military and economic limitations intended to prevent Germany to start wars in the future.
9. The Treaty of Trianon was another peace agreement signed at the end of WWI in 1920 between Austria-Hungary and Allied Powers due to Austria-Hungary fighting the war on the side of Germany. As a result of the Treaty Hungary lost important territories to its European neighbors and was forced to pay reparations to the neighboring countries who suffered a great deal of losses during WWI.
10. Modern day Palace of Versailles is a historical place that holds many political functions besides being one of the most interesting attractions in France.