Glacier National Park History – How Has It All Started?
Glacier National Park history is really quite fascinating. This area in Montana dates back 170 million years. It was formed as a result of the continental pleats pushing a huge boulder over 50 miles. The official name, Lewis Overthrust is basically erosion of soft rock on top of older rocks.
As wind and rain emerged during the Ice Age, Glacier National Park history began. The landscape was magnificently created. To this day, the Lewis Overthrust still exists and stands as a reminder of the natural wonder and uniqueness of this park.
Glacier National Park history also includes the first, native inhabitants called the Cheyenne, Salish, Shoshone and Flathead Native American Indians. They date back over 10,000 years. As recently as the 18th century, the Blackfeet tribe arrived to the area.
One of the other Glacier National Park facts includes how the park became a commercial facility. This includes the sale of 800,000 acres to the United States Government, by the Native Americans in 1895. Chief White Calf sold this portion and received $1.5 million. However, they retained rights to hunt. Considering the entire park is a little over a million acres, it was a good decision.
Glacier National Park backpacking actually goes as far back as 1850, 45 years before the official sale of the property. This is when the first explorers arrived. By 1880, George Bird Grinnel began telling everyone about this natural beauty. For the next 20 years, he worked to protect this area.
Glacier National Park history also explains how the Native American Indians were not guaranteed any continual use of the land after 1910. This is after the U.S. Government made it a National Park.
In addition to Glacier National Park hiking, which became very popular between 1910 and 1930, the advent of the automobile allowed additional traffic. By 1932, the now famous Going-to-the-Sun Road was developed.
Over the years, other activities, including rafting, horseback riding and fishing have become popular. Glacier National Park camping is also a treat. The variety of lodging accommodations and camping sites makes this one of the most frequented national parks in the United States.